Supply chain resilience in mindful humanitarian aid organizations: the role of big data analytics

The frequency and impact of natural and human-induced disasters has highlighted the critical need for resilient humanitarian aid operations during a crisis response. Natural disasters encompass geophysical (earthquake), hydrological (flood), meteorological (storm), climatological (drought) and biological (disease pandemics). Human-induced disasters include armed conflict, terrorism and hazardous accidents. Disaster response is characterized as knowledge-intensive, time-sensitive, of short duration, high urgency and extreme uncertainty.